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Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2022.
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to .
Commission file number 001-39881
EMBARK TECHNOLOGY, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware85-3343695
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
424 Townsend Street,
San Francisco, California
94107
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
(415) 671-9628
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per shareEMBKThe Nasdaq Global Market
Warrants, each whole warrant exercisable for one share of common stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per shareEMBKWThe Nasdaq Global Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes  x   No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated fileroAccelerated filero
Non-accelerated filer  xSmaller reporting companyx
Emerging growth companyx
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).     Yes   o     No  x
As of August 5, 2022, the number of shares of the issuer’s Class A common stock outstanding was 373,586,994 and the number of outstanding shares of the issuer’s Class B common stock was 87,078,981.
As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, unless the context requires otherwise, references to “Embark,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our,” and similar references refer to Embark Technology, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries following the Business Combination (as defined herein) and to Embark Trucks, Inc. prior to the Business Combination.
Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains statements that are forward‑looking and as such are not historical facts. This includes, without limitation, statements regarding the financial position, business strategy and the plans and objectives of management for future operations. These statements constitute projections, forecasts and forward-looking statements, and are not guarantees of performance. Such statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. When used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “strive,” “would” and similar expressions may identify forward‑looking statements, but the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not forward‑looking.
Forward‑looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may include, for example, statements about:
Embark’s public securities’ potential liquidity and trading;
Embark’s ability to raise financing in the future;
Embark’s success in retaining or recruiting, or changes required in, its officers, key employees or directors;
the impact of the regulatory environment and complexities with compliance related to such environment;
factors relating to the business, operations and financial performance of Embark and its subsidiaries, including:
the impact of the COVID‑19 pandemic;
the ability of Embark to maintain an effective system of internal controls over financial reporting;
the nature of autonomous driving as an emerging technology;
Embark’s limited operating history;
the acceptance of Embark’s technology by users and stakeholders in the freight transportation industry;
the expected success of Embark’s business model, including its ability to maintain and develop customer relationships;
the ability of Embark to maintain a successful manufacturer‑agnostic approach to its technology;
the ability of Embark to achieve and maintain profitability in the future; and


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other factors detailed under the section entitled “Risk Factors.” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the section entitled “Risk Factors” in Embark’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 as filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 21, 2022 (the “Annual Report”).

These forward‑looking statements are based on information available as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and current expectations, forecasts and assumptions, and involve a number of judgments, risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, forward‑looking statements should not be relied upon as representing Embark’s views as of any subsequent date, and Embark does not undertake any obligation to update forward‑looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date they were made, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities laws.

As a result of a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties, Embark’s actual results or performance may be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward‑looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward‑looking statements.


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Part I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited).
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Embark Technology, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)

June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents
$220,403 $264,615 
Restricted cash, short-term
65 130 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
6,424 12,746 
Total current assets
226,892 277,491 
Restricted cash, long-term
812 275 
Property, equipment and software, net
14,970 9,637 
Operating lease right-of-use assets6,073  
Other assets
7,218 3,596 
Total assets
$255,965 $290,999 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable
$4,440 $2,497 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
6,634 3,142 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities2,040  
Short-term notes payable
527 358 
Total current liabilities
13,641 5,997 
Long-term notes payable1,321 722 
Warrant liability3,010 49,419 
Non-current portion of operating lease liabilities4,358  
Other long-term liability110 50 
Long-term deferred rent
 177 
Total liabilities
22,440 56,365 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and none outstanding as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021
  
Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value; 4,000,000,000 shares authorized, 373,089,177 shares issued as of June 30, 2022; 4,000,000,000 shares authorized, 362,832,986 shares issued as of December 31, 2021
37 36 
Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized, 87,078,781 shares issued as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021
9 9 
Additional paid-in capital
449,153 417,492 
Accumulated deficit
(215,674)(182,903)
Total stockholders’ equity
233,525 234,634 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$255,965 $290,999 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Embark Technology, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2022202120222021
Operating expenses:
Research and development
$19,041 $9,111 $37,736 $15,342 
General and administrative
18,765 4,702 40,691 6,992 
Total operating expenses
37,806 13,813 78,427 22,334 
Loss from operations
(37,806)(13,813)(78,427)(22,334)
Other income (expense):
Change in the fair value of derivative liability (4,773) (4,773)
Change in fair value of warrant liability
24,253  46,409  
Other income (expense)
(620)(3)(594)6 
Interest income
160 40 173 70 
Interest expense
(311)(1,677)(332)(1,677)
Loss before provision for income taxes
(14,324)(20,226)(32,771)(28,708)
Provision for income taxes    
Net loss
$(14,324)$(20,226)$(32,771)$(28,708)
Net loss attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted
$(14,324)$(20,226)$(32,771)$(28,708)
Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders:
Basic and diluted, Class A and Class B$(0.03)$(0.14)$(0.07)$(0.20)
Weighted-average shares used in computing net loss per share attributable to common stockholders:
Basic and diluted457,195,552 141,997,299 454,963,170 141,997,299 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Embark Technology, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2022202120222021
Net loss
$(14,324)$(20,226)$(32,771)$(28,708)
Other comprehensive loss (net of tax):
Unrealized losses on available-for-sale securities, net
 (23) (42)
Comprehensive loss
$(14,324)$(20,249)$(32,771)$(28,750)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Embark Technology, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Preferred Stock and Stockholder’s Equity
(in thousands, except number of shares)
(unaudited)

Preferred StockFounders Preferred StockCommon StockClass AClass BWarrantsAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at
March 31, 2021
260,582,311$1 484,912$ 142,460,804$ $ $ $130,229 $(67,172)$26 $63,084 
Shares issued upon exercise of stock options— — 46,050— — — — 4 — — $4 
Vesting of early exercised options
— — — — — — 6 — — $6 
Stock-based compensation
— — — — — — 593 — — $593 
Issuance of common stock warrants— — — — — — 1,350 — — $1,350 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — — — — — (23)$(23)
Net loss
— — — — — — — (20,226)— $(20,226)
Balance at June 30, 2021
260,582,311$1 484,912$ 142,506,854$ $ $ $132,182 $(87,398)$3 $44,788 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.










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Embark Technology, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Preferred Stock and Stockholder’s Equity
(in thousands, except number of shares)
(unaudited)
continued
Preferred StockFounders Preferred StockCommon StockClass AClass BWarrantsAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at
March 31, 2022
$ $  362,832,986 $36 87,078,781$9 23,153,266$434,573 (201,350)$ $233,268 
Shares issued upon exercise of stock options
— 7,528,517 1 770 — — $771 
Shares issued upon vesting of common stock units— 266,432— — — — $— 
Shares issued upon vesting of restricted stock units— 2,011,242 — — — — $— 
Vesting of early exercised options— — — 9 — — $9 
Stock-based compensation— — — 13,135 — — $13,135 
Issuance of common stock for services— 450,000— 666 — — $666 
Net loss
— — — — — — — (14,324)— $(14,324)
Balance at June 30, 2022
$ $ $ 373,089,177 $37 87,078,781$9 23,153,266$449,153 $(215,674)$ $233,525 



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.









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Embark Technology, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Preferred Stock and Stockholder’s Equity
(in thousands, except number of shares)
(unaudited)
Preferred StockFounders Preferred StockCommon StockClass AClass BWarrantsAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at
December 31, 2020
260,582,311$1 484,912$ 141,216,455$  $ $ $129,449 $(58,690)$45 $70,805 
Shares issued upon exercise of stock options— — 1,290,399— — — — 98 — — $98 
Vesting of early exercised options
— — — — — — 11 — — $11 
Stock-based compensation
— — — — — — 1,191 — — $1,191 
Issuance of common stock warrants— — — — — — 1,433 — — $1,433 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — — — — — (42)$(42)
Net loss
— — — — — — — (28,708)— $(28,708)
Balance at June 30, 2021
260,582,311$1 484,912 142,506,854$  $ $ $132,182 $(87,398)$3 $44,788 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.














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Embark Technology, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Preferred Stock and Stockholder’s Equity
(in thousands, except number of shares)
(unaudited)
Preferred StockFounders Preferred StockCommon StockClass AClass BWarrantsAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at
December 31, 2021
$  $ 362,832,986 $36 87,078,781$9 23,153,266$417,492 $(182,903)$ $234,634 
Shares issued upon exercise of stock options
— — — 7,528,517 1 — 1,142 — — $1,143 
Shares issued upon vesting of common stock units— — — 266,432 — — — — — $— 
Shares issued upon vesting of restricted stock units— — — 2,011,242 — — — — — $— 
Vesting of early exercised options— — — — — — 20 — — $20 
Stock-based compensation— — — — — — 29,833 — — $29,833 
Issuance of common stock for services— — — 450,000 — — 666 — — $666 
Net loss
— — — — — — — (32,771)— $(32,771)
Balance at June 30, 2022
$ $ $ 373,089,177 $37 87,078,781$9 23,153,266$449,153 $(215,674)$ $233,525 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Embark Technology, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
Six Months Ended June 30,
20222021
Cash flows from operating activities
Net loss
$(32,771)$(28,708)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization
834 474 
Amortization expense - right-of-use assets - operating leases1,004  
Stock-based compensation, net of amounts capitalized
29,023 1,099 
Issuance of warrants for services
 1,433 
Change in fair value of warrants(46,409) 
Net amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts on investments
 229 
Amortization of debt discount 1,677 
Change in the fair value of derivative liability 4,773 
Issuance of common stock for services666  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Prepaid expenses and other current assets6,200 (2,439)
Other assets(3,622)(3,135)
Accounts payable2,086 1,650 
Other long-term liabilities60  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities2,663 2,863 
Net cash used in operating activities
(40,266)(20,084)
Cash flows from investing activities
Maturities of investments
 35,239 
Purchase of property, equipment and software
(4,403)(1,547)
Deposit for purchase of trucks (400)
Refund of deposit for trucks 47 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
(4,403)33,339 
Cash flows from financing activities
Cash proceeds received from convertible note payable 25,000 
Payment towards notes payable
(209)(135)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
1,142 98 
 Repurchase of early exercised stock options(4) 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
929 24,963 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
(43,740)38,218 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
265,020 11,460 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
$221,280 $49,678 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Cash paid during the period for interest
$18 $34 
Supplemental schedule of noncash investing and financing activities
Acquisition of property, equipment and software in accounts payable
$387 $71 
Acquisition of trucks by assuming notes payable
$976 $278 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations$7,077 $ 
Deferred offering costs in accrued liability$ $2,176 
Stock-based compensation capitalized into internally developed software
$932 $92 
Vesting of early exercised stock options
$20 $11 
Issuance of common stock for services$666 $ 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
1.DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Embark Technology, Inc. (“Embark” or the “Company”) was originally incorporated in Delaware on September 25, 2020 under the name Northern Genesis Acquisition Corp. II (“NGA”). The Company was formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses. On November 10, 2021 (the “Closing Date”), the Company (at such time named Northern Genesis Acquisition Corp. II) consummated the business combination (the “Business Combination”) pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated June 22, 2021 with the pre-Business Combination company, Embark Trucks, Inc. (“Embark Trucks”). In connection with the consummation of the Business Combination, the Company changed its name from Northern Genesis Acquisition Corp. II to Embark Technology, Inc. and became the parent entity of Embark Trucks.
The Merger was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization with Embark as the accounting acquirer and NGA as the acquired company for accounting purposes. Accordingly, all historical financial information presented in the condensed consolidated financial statements represent the accounts of Embark as if Embark is the predecessor to the Company. The shares and net loss per common share, prior to the Merger, have been retroactively restated as shares reflecting the exchange ratio established in the Merger (approximately 2.98 shares of Company Class A common stock for 1 share of Embark Class A common stock).
The principal activities of Embark Technology, Inc. include design and development of autonomous driving software for the truck freight industry. The Company is headquartered in San Francisco, California and was incorporated in the State of Delaware in 2016. Other than Embark Trucks, the Company has no other subsidiaries as of June 30, 2022.
The Company has devoted substantially all of its resources to develop its autonomous truck technology, to enable and expand its route models - transfer point and direct-to-customer, to expand its partnerships with shippers and carriers, to raising capital, and providing general and administrative support for these operations. The Company has not generated revenues from its principal operations from inception through June 30, 2022.
Prior to the Merger, NGA ordinary shares and warrants were traded on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the ticker symbols “NGAB” and “NGAB.WS”, respectively. On the Closing Date, the Company’s Class A common stock and warrants began trading on the NASDAQ under the ticker symbols “EMBK” and “EMBKW”, respectively. One of the primary purposes of the Merger was to provide a platform for Embark Trucks to gain access to the U.S. capital markets.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.
Unaudited Interim Financial Information
These interim Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto contained in Embark’s Annual Report. The condensed consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2021, has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date, but does not include all disclosures, including notes, required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In management’s opinion, the unaudited interim financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual financial statements and include all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s financial position as of June 30, 2022 and the Company’s results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. The interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results for any future interim period or for the entire year.
Business Combination
The Company entered into the Merger Agreement with NGA, a special purpose acquisition company, on June 22, 2021. On November 10, 2021, as part of the Business Combination, NGAB Merger Sub Inc., a newly formed subsidiary of
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NGA (“Merger Sub”), merged with and into Embark Trucks. In connection with the consummation of the Business Combination, the separate corporate existence of Merger Sub ceased; Embark Trucks survived and became a wholly owned subsidiary of NGA, which was renamed Embark Technology, Inc.
The Business Combination was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization, in accordance with GAAP. Under the guidance in ASC 805, Embark was treated as the “acquirer” company for the accounting purposes. Embark Trucks was deemed the accounting predecessor of the combined business, and Embark Technology, Inc., as the parent company of the combined business, was the successor SEC registrant, meaning that Embark’s financial statements for previous periods will be disclosed in the registrant’s periodic reports filed with the SEC. The Business Combination had a significant impact on Embark’s reported financial position and results as a consequence of the reverse recapitalization. The most significant change in Embark’s reported financial position and results was a net increase in cash of $243.9 million, net of transaction costs for the Business Combination of $70.2 million.
Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company has incurred losses from operations since inception. The Company incurred net losses of $32.8 million and $28.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and accumulated deficit amounts to $215.7 million and $182.9 million as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. Net cash used in operating activities was $40.3 million and $20.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
The Company’s liquidity is based on its ability to enhance its operating cash flow position, obtain capital financing from equity interest investors and borrow funds to fund its general operations, research and development activities and capital expenditures. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company’s balance of cash and cash equivalents was $220.4 million and $264.6 million, respectively.
Based on cash flow projections from operating and financing activities and existing balance of cash and cash equivalents and investments, management is of the opinion that the Company has sufficient funds for sustainable operations, and it will be able to meet its payment obligations from operations and debt related commitments for at least one year from the issuance date of these financial statements. Based on the above considerations, the Company’s financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and liquidation of liabilities during the normal course of operations.
The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent on management’s ability to control operating costs and demonstrate progress against its technical roadmap. This involves developing new capabilities for the Embark Driver software and improving the reliability and performance of the software on public roads. The Company believes demonstrating ongoing technical progress will enable the Company to obtain funds from outside sources of financing, including financing from equity interest investors and borrow funds to fund its general operations, research and development activities and capital expenditures.
Emerging Growth Company
The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and it may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the independent registered public accounting firm attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes- Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in its periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.
Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies, but any such election to opt out is irrevocable. The Company has elected not to opt out of such extended transition period which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt
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the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of the Company’s financial statements with another public company that is either a) not an emerging growth company or b) an emerging growth company which has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.
Segment Information
Under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC 280”), Segment Reporting, operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise where discrete financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision-maker (“CODM”), in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company operates in one segment, the truck business unit, which is focused on enhancing self-driving truck software technology. Therefore, the Company’s chief executive officer, who is also the CODM, makes decisions and manages the Company’s operations as a single operating segment for purposes of allocating resources and evaluating financial performance. All long-lived assets are maintained in, and all losses are attributable to, the United States of America.
Concentration of Risks
Embark’s financial instruments that are exposed to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash. Embark maintains its cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash with high-quality financial institutions with investment-grade ratings. A majority of the cash balances are with U.S. banks and are insured to the extent defined by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Impact of COVID-19
The outbreak of the novel coronavirus COVID-19, which was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020 has led to adverse impacts on the U.S. and global economies and has impacted and continues to impact the Company’s supply chain, and operations. Even though the Company has taken measures to adapt to operating in this challenging environment, the pandemic could further affect the Company’s operations and the operations of, partners, suppliers and vendors due to additional shelter- in-place and other governmental orders, facility closures, travel and logistics restrictions, or other factors as circumstances continue to evolve. In response to this pandemic, many jurisdictions in which the Company operates issued stay-at-home orders and other measures aimed at slowing the spread of the virus. While the Company remains open in accordance with guidance from local authorities, the Company experienced a temporary pause in testing of its research and development truck fleet and operations in response to the stay- at-home orders in calendar year 2021. The impacts from stay-at-home orders and other updated local government indoor operation measures associated with COVID-19 and its variants are not currently impacting the Company’s operations, however, there remains continuing uncertainty around the potential disruptions the pandemic could cause looking forward. The Company has instituted policies across its offices to ensure compliance with the guidelines imposed by the applicable public health authorities from time to time. At current, these changes have not impacted the Company’s operations. In response to recent variants, local governments have updated and may continue to update their guidelines for indoor operations. Therefore, the related financial impact and duration cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.

2.SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the balance sheet date, as well as reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period.
The Company’s most significant estimates and judgments involve the useful lives of long-lived assets, the recoverability of long-lived assets, the incremental borrowing rate (“IBR”) applied in lease accounting, the capitalization of software development costs, the valuation of the Company’s stock-based compensation, including the valuation of warrants to purchase the Company’s stock and the valuation allowance for income taxes. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions believed to be reasonable, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
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Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had $220.4 million and $264.6 million of cash and cash equivalents, respectively.
The Company maintains letters of credit to secure leases of the Company’s offices and facilities. A portion of the Company’s cash is collateralized in conjunction with the letter of credit and is classified as restricted cash on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had $0.9 million and $0.4 million in restricted cash, respectively. At the end of each year of the lease, the face amount of the letter of credit is reduced by a fixed amount of approximately $0.1 million and reclassified into cash and cash equivalents on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company determines short-term or long-term classification based on the expected duration of the restriction.
The reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents to amounts presented in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows are as follows (in thousands):

As of June 30, As of December 31,
202220212021
Cash and cash equivalents$220,403 $49,273 $264,615 
Restricted cash, short-term65 65 130 
Restricted cash, long-term812 340 275 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$221,280 $49,678 $265,020 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses, short-term and long-term notes payable and other current liabilities. The assets and liabilities that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis are cash equivalents and warrant liabilities. The Company believes that the carrying values of the remaining financial instruments approximate their fair values. The Company applies fair value accounting in accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements for valuation of financial instruments. ASC 820 provides a framework for measuring fair value under GAAP that expands disclosures about fair value measurements, establishes a fair value hierarchy, and requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are summarized as follows:
Level 1 — Fair value is based on observable inputs such as quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2 — Fair value is determined using quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active or are directly or indirectly observable.
Level 3 — Fair value is determined using one or more significant inputs that are unobservable in active markets at the measurement date, such as an option pricing model, discounted cash flow, or similar technique.

Public and Private Warrants
As part of NGA’s initial public offering on October 13, 2020, NGA issued to third party investors 41.4 million units, consisting of one share of Class A common stock of NGA and one-third of one warrant, at a price of $10.00 per unit. Each whole warrant entitles the holder to purchase one share of Class A common stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per share (the "Public Warrants"). Further, NGA completed the private sale of 6.7 million warrants to NGA's sponsor at a purchase price of $1.50 per warrant (the "Private Warrants"). Each Private Warrant allows the sponsor to purchase one share of Class A common stock at $11.50 per share. Subsequent to the Business Combination, 13.8 million Public Warrants and 6.7 million Private Warrants remained outstanding as of June 30, 2022.
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The Private Placement Warrants are identical to the Public Warrants underlying the Units sold in the Initial Public Offering, except that the Private Placement Warrants and the Class A common stock issuable upon the exercise of the Private Placement Warrants did not become transferable, assignable or salable until 30 days after the completion of a Business Combination, subject to certain limited exceptions. Additionally, the Private Placement Warrants are exercisable on a cashless basis and are non-redeemable so long as they are held by the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees. If the Private Placement Warrants are held by someone other than the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees, the Private Placement Warrants are redeemable by the Company and exercisable by such holders on the same basis as the Public Warrants.
The Company evaluated the Public and Private Warrants under ASC 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging-Contracts in Entity's Own Equity, and concluded that they do not meet the criteria to be classified in stockholders' equity. Since the Public and Private Warrants meet the definition of a derivative under ASC 815, the Company recorded these warrants as liabilities on the balance sheet at fair value upon the closing of the Business Combination, with subsequent changes in their respective fair values recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) at each reporting date.
Property, Equipment and Software
Property, equipment and software is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Repair and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. Depreciation and amortization are recorded on a straight-line basis over each asset’s estimated useful life.
Property, Equipment and Software
Useful life (years)
Machinery and equipment
5 years
Electronic equipment
3 years
Vehicles and vehicle hardware
3 – 7 years
Leasehold improvements
Shorter of useful life or lease term
Furniture and fixtures7 years
Developed software
2 – 4 years
Leases
The Company determines if a contract contains a lease at inception of the arrangement based on whether the Company has the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of an identified asset and whether the Company has the right to direct the use of an identified asset in exchange for consideration, which relates to an asset which the Company does not own. Right of use (“ROU”) assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. ROU assets are recognized as the lease liability, adjusted for lease incentives received. Lease liabilities are recognized at the present value of the future lease payments at the lease commencement date. The interest rate used to determine the present value of the future lease payments is the Company’s incremental borrowing rate (“IBR”), because the interest rate implicit in most of its leases is not readily determinable. The IBR is a hypothetical rate based on the Company’s understanding of what its credit rating would be to borrow and resulting interest we would pay to borrow an amount equal to the lease payments in a similar economic environment over the lease term on a collateralized basis. Lease payments may be fixed or variable; however, only fixed payments or in-substance fixed payments are included in the Company’s lease liability calculation. Variable lease payments may include costs such as common area maintenance, utilities, real estate taxes or other costs. Variable lease payments are recognized in operating expenses in the period in which the obligation for those payments are incurred.

Operating leases are included in operating lease ROU assets, operating lease liabilities, current and operating lease liabilities, non-current on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets. For operating leases, lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis in operations over the lease term. The Company elected the practical expedient not to separate non-lease components from lease components, therefore, the Company accounts for lease and non-lease components as a single lease component. The Company also elected the short-term lease recognition practical expedient for all leases that qualify.
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Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment annually, or whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be fully recoverable. The Company assesses the recoverability of these assets by comparing the carrying amount of such assets or asset group to the future undiscounted cash flows it expects the assets or asset group to generate. The Company recognizes an impairment loss if the sum of the expected long-term undiscounted cash flows that the long-lived asset is expected to generate is less than the carrying amount of the long-lived asset being evaluated.
Income Taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method, under which deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases.
A valuation allowance is provided when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. Due to the Company’s lack of earnings history, the net deferred tax assets have been fully offset by a valuation allowance as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021. Uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return are accounted for using the more likely than not threshold for financial statement recognition and measurement.
Stock-based Compensation
Stock-based compensation expense related to stock option awards, restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and performance stock units (“PSUs”) granted to employees, directors and non-employees are accounted for based on estimated grant-date fair values. For stock option awards and RSUs with service conditions, the Company uses the straight-line method to recognize compensation expense over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period, and estimates the fair value of share-based awards using the Black-Scholes option- pricing model. The Black-Scholes model requires the input of subjective assumptions, including expected volatility, expected dividend yield, expected term, risk-free rate of return and the stock price of the underlying common shares on the date of grant. The fair value of each RSU is based on the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant. Stock-based compensation for RSUs granted with a performance condition is recognized on a graded vesting basis. Stock-based compensation tor PSUs, is recognized on a graded vesting basis, as the PSUs are associated with market conditions over the holder’s derived service period. The fair value of the PSUs are estimated using the Monte Carlo simulation. The Company accounts for the effect of forfeitures as they occur.
Internal Use Software
The Company capitalizes certain costs associated with creating and enhancing internally developed software for the Company’s technology infrastructure and such costs are recorded within property, equipment and software, net. These costs include personnel and related employee benefit expenses for employees directly associated with and who devote time to software development projects. Software development costs that do not qualify for capitalization are expensed as incurred and recorded in research and development expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Software development activities typically consist of three stages: (1) the planning phase; (2) the application and infrastructure development stage; and (3) the post implementation stage. Costs incurred in the planning and post implementation phases, including costs associated with training and repairs and maintenance of the developed technologies, are expensed as incurred. The Company capitalizes costs associated with software developed when the preliminary project stage is completed, management implicitly or explicitly authorizes and commits to funding the project and it is probable that the project will be completed and perform as intended. Costs incurred in the application and infrastructure development phases, including significant enhancements and upgrades, are capitalized. Capitalization ends once a project is substantially complete, and the software is ready for its intended purpose. Software development costs are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life, commencing when the software is ready for its intended use. The straight-line recognition method approximates the manner in which the expected benefit will be derived. Internal use software is tested for impairment in accordance with the Company’s long- lived assets impairment policy.
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Research and Development Expense
Research and development expense consist of outsourced engineering services, allocated facilities costs, depreciation, internal engineering and development expenses, materials, labor and stock-based compensation related to development of the Company’s products and services. Research and development costs are expensed as incurred except for amounts capitalized to internal-use software.
General, and Administrative Expenses
General, and administrative expense consist of personnel costs, allocated facilities expenses, depreciation and amortization, travel, and business development costs.
Change in fair value of warrant liability
Change in fair value of warrant liability represents the change in fair value of Public, Private, Working Capital and Forward Purchase Agreement (“FPA”) Warrants. For each reporting period, Embark will determine the fair value of the warrant liability, and record a corresponding non-cash benefit or non-cash charge, due to a decrease or increase in fair value, respectively, of the calculated warrant liability.
Other Income
As part of the Company’s research and development activities, we contract with shippers and freight carriers to transfer freight between the Company’s transfer hubs in return for cash consideration. Transferring freight with the Company’s research and development truck fleet are not and will not be considered an output of the Company’s anticipated ordinary revenue-generating activities. Consideration received from such arrangements is presented as other income in the Company’s condensed consolidated statement of operations.
Interest Income
Interest income primarily consists of investment and interest income from marketable securities, long- term investments and the Company’s cash and cash equivalents.
Interest Expense
Interest expense consisted primarily of interest on the Company’s various truck financing arrangements.

Net Loss Per Share
Prior to the Merger and prior to effecting the recapitalization, the Company had one class of common stock. Subsequent to the Merger, the Company has two classes of common stock: Class A and Class B common stock. The rights of the holders of Class A and Class B common stock are identical, including the liquidation and dividend rights, except with respect to electing members of the Board of Directors and voting rights. As the liquidation and dividend rights are identical, undistributed earnings and losses are allocated on a proportionate basis and the resulting net loss per share attributable to common stockholders are the same for both Class A and Class B common stock on an individual and combined basis.
Basic and diluted net loss per share attributable to common stockholders is presented in conformity with the two-class method required for participating securities. Net loss is attributed to common stockholders and participating securities based on their participation rights. Net loss attributable to common stockholders is not allocated to the redeemable convertible preferred stock as the holders of the redeemable convertible preferred stock do not have a contractual obligation to share in any losses. No dividends were declared or paid for the three or six months ended June 30, 2022. No preferred stock was outstanding as of June 30, 2022
Under the two-class method, basic net loss per share attributable to common stockholders is computed by dividing the net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period.
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Diluted earnings per share attributable to common stockholders adjusts basic earnings per share for the potentially dilutive impact of redeemable convertible preferred stock, stock options, and warrants. As the Company has reported losses for all periods presented, all potentially dilutive securities including preferred stock, stock options, and warrants, are antidilutive and accordingly, basic net loss per share equals diluted net loss per share.
Comprehensive Loss
Comprehensive loss is defined as the total change in stockholders’ equity during the period other than from transactions with stockholders. Comprehensive loss consists of net loss and other comprehensive loss. Other comprehensive loss is comprised of unrealized losses on investments classified as available-for-sale and losses on foreign currency revaluations.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires lessees to recognize leases on-balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. The Company adopted “ASC 842” on January 1, 2022, using the modified retrospective transition method, specifically the "Comparatives under ASC 840 approach", and used the effective date as the date of initial application. The Company elected the “package of practical expedients,” which permits Embark not to reassess under ASC 842 its prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs. The Company also elected the use of hindsight in determining the lease term and in assessing impairment of the entity’s right-of-use assets. Upon adoption of the new leasing standard on January 1, 2022, the Company recognized right-of-use assets of $4.4 million and lease liabilities of $4.5 million, respectively, which are related to its various operating leases. The difference between the right-of-use assets and lease liabilities is primarily attributed to the elimination of deferred rent. There was no adjustment to the opening balance of accumulated deficit as a result of the adoption of ASC 842.
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. The adoption of ASU 2019-12 is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2022. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact to its financial statements.
In May 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, Modification of equity-classified written call options. ASU 2021-04 provides clarification and reduces diversity in an issuer’s accounting for certain modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options, such as warrants, that remain equity classified after modification or exchange. The adoption of ASU 2021-04 was effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2022. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact to its financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
As an emerging growth company (“EGC”), the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (“JOBS Act”) allows the Company to delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are applicable to private companies. The Company has elected to use this extended transition period under the JOBS Act until such time the Company is no longer considered to be an EGC. The adoption dates discussed below reflect this election.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments — Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses of Financial Instruments, which, together with subsequent amendments, amends the requirement on the measurement and recognition of expected credit losses for financial assets held. ASU 2016-13 is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2023, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the effects of this pronouncement on the Company’s financial statements and does not expect it to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging — Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815- 40): Accounting for convertible instruments and contracts in an entity’s own equity. The ASU simplifies accounting for convertible instruments by removing certain separation models required under current GAAP. The ASU also removes certain settlement conditions that are required for equity contracts to qualify for the derivative scope exception, and it revises the guidance in ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, to require entities to calculate diluted earnings per share for convertible instruments by using the if-converted method. The
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amendments are effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2024, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this standard on its consolidated financial statements.
In October 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-10, Codification Improvements, which updates various codification topics by clarifying or improving disclosure requirements to align with the SEC’s regulations. For the Company, the ASU No. 2020-10 will be effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2021 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption